The Indian summer monsoon has a major impact on agriculture, and therefore the economy, in India. It is responsible for 80% of the country's annual rainfall. Farmers rely on this seasonal rain to grow essential crops.
The Indian Summer Monsoon is influenced by the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), which causes extreme weather in different parts of the world, as stated by researchers. The ENSO is mainly caused by fluctuations in sea surface temperature around central to east tropical Pacific Ocean. There are two opposite phases: El Nino and La Nina.
The findings could allow government and policymakers to make more informed decision. The outlook will drastically change for April and May.
Read more at economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/science/researchers-improve-monsoon-forecast-in-india/articleshow/53224797.cms.